The primary objective of management within Bernheim Forest is to protect the native communities in perpetuity. This includes active management techniques such as utilizing fire as a tool in fire/disturbance dependent habitats such as grasslands and upland oak-hickory forests, invasive exotic plant and animal control, and restoration of degraded habitats. An additional component is the protection of the natural areas from negative human disturbances such as logging, grazing by livestock, farming and agricultural practices, off-road vehicles, and other forest altering practices. The decision to carry out this type of management is drawn from I. W. Bernheim’s initial vision as well as per the mission statement formed by the Board of Trustees on December 10, 1998. Management is also in line with the vision statement of Bernheim Forest adopted in 2010, stating that “Bernheim will be a nationally treasured leader in ecological stewardship that inspires the exploration of our deep connections with nature”.