Many different species of conifers are found throughout the Arboretum. Performing a multitude of functions, conifers are one of the mainstays of any garden. They are known for their fine and varied forms and season less beauty. While most conifers are evergreens, a few are not. Ginkgo, Taxodium, Larix and Metasequoia are deciduous.
Conifers are displayed in the Arboretum in many ways. The front entrance is framed in a curtain of majestic Picea abies (Norway Spruce) and Picea orientails (Oriental Spruce). A dense screen of mixed coniferous evergreens surrounds the Holly Collection, protecting against harsh winter winds and providing a backdrop for the nicely berried hollies. The Arboretums first planting of dwarf conifers is located on the Legends Trail. Originally planted in 1972, these “dwarfs” continue to grow and are a good measure of the size attained at maturity by many dwarf conifer species.
There are many genera of conifers represented at Bernheim including: Abies, Chamaecyparis, Picea, Pinus, Juniperus, Taxus, Taxodium, Larix, Metasequoia, Thuja, Tsuga, and Ginkgo.
Our species list includes:
Abies alba (Silver Fir) Abies concolor (White Fir)
Abies holophylla (Manchurian Fir) Abies nordmanniana (Caucasian Fir)
Chamaecyparis psifera (Sawara Cypress) Chamaecyparis obtusa (Hinoki Cypress)
Chamaecyparis thyoides (Atlantic White Cedar) Ginkgo biloba 20 cultivars
Juniperus chinensis (Chinese juniper) Juniperus communis (Common Juniper)
Juniperus horizontalis (Creeping Juniper) Juniperus virginiana (Eastern Red Cedar)
Metasequoia glyptostroboides Picea abies (Norway Spruce) 15 cultivars
Picea glauca (White Spruce) Picea omorika (Serbian Spruce)
Picea orientalis (Oriental Spruce) 3 cultivars Picea pungens (Blue Spruce) 10 cultivars
Pinus densiflora (Japanese Red Pine) Pinus flexilis (Limber Pine) 5 cultivars
Pinus parviflora (Japanese White Pine) Pinus strobus (White Pine) 8 cultivars
Taxodium ascendens (Pond Cypress) Taxodium distichum (Bald Cypress) 6 cultivars
Taxus baccata (English Yew) Taxus cuspidata (Japanese Yew)7 Cultivars
Taxus x hunnewelliana Taxus x media (Anglojap Yew)
Thuja occidentalis (Eastern White Cedar) Thuja plicata (Western Red Cedar)
Tsuga canadensis (Eastern Hemlock) Tsuga heterophylla (Western Hemlock)
Tsuga sieboldii (Southern Japanese Hemlock)